Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII)

A federal law prohibiting employment discrimination against employees and applicants based on:

  • Race.

  • Color.

  • Religion.

  • Sex (including gender and pregnancy).

  • National origin.

(42 U.S.C. § 2000e.)

Title VII specifically prohibits discrimination in the terms and conditions of employment, including hiring, compensation, employment benefits, advancement, employment training, assignments, and termination of employment. For more information, see Practice Notes, Discrimination: Overview: Title VII ( www.practicallaw.com/3-503-3975) and Discrimination Under Title VII: Basics ( www.practicallaw.com/6-518-4067) .

Harassment and retaliation are also prohibited under Title VII. For more information, see Practice Notes, Harassment ( www.practicallaw.com/9-502-7844) and  Retaliation ( www.practicallaw.com/5-501-1430) .

Title VII applies to private, state government, and local government employers that employ 15 or more employees. Title VII also applies to federal government employees and applicants for federal employment.

Bona Fide Occupational Qualification ( www.practicallaw.com/5-501-6343) is an exception to Title VII concerning discrimination on the basis of sex, religion, and national origin.

Title VII is enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ( www.practicallaw.com/4-501-5853) .

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