Disparate Impact

Discrimination that occurs when a neutral-appearing practice or policy actually has a discriminatory effect on a protected class (www.practicallaw.com/5-501-5857) or classes. For example, an employment test that results in disproportionately more women receiving promotions than men might be found to have a disparate impact. Disparate impact is one of the theories of discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (www.practicallaw.com/0-501-7062) (Title VII). The other is disparate treatment (www.practicallaw.com/8-502-2875).

For more information about disparate impact, see Practice Notes, Discrimination: Overview (www.practicallaw.com/3-503-3975) and Conducting Layoffs and Other Reductions in Force: Avoiding Disparate Impact and Retaliation Litigation (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-6665).

{ "siteName" : "PLC", "objType" : "PLC_Doc_C", "objID" : "1247361448522", "objName" : "Disparate Impact", "userID" : "2", "objUrl" : "http://us.practicallaw.com/cs/Satellite/us/resource/1-502-2874?null", "pageType" : "Resource", "academicUserID" : "", "contentAccessed" : "true", "analyticsPermCookie" : "2-488921bc:148317b2f04:1c94", "analyticsSessionCookie" : "2-488921bc:148317b2f04:1c95", "statisticSensorPath" : "http://analytics.practicallaw.com/sensor/statistic" }