Patents, trade marks, copyright and designs: Country Q&A tool

This tool enables subscribers to search the patents, trade marks, copyright and designs Q&A in the IP in Business Transactions global guide by question and jurisdiction. Simply select the questions and the jurisdictions that you are interested in and click the "submit" button.

Please note that the law stated dates for each jurisdiction covered may not be the same. To check the law stated dates for each jurisdiction, please visit the individual article.

To view the IP in business transactions Country Q&A tool, please click here.

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Patents

1. What are the legal requirements to obtain a patent?
 
2. What categories are excluded from patent protection?
 
3. Which authority registers patents? Does its website provide guidance on the application procedure?
 
4. On what grounds and when can third parties oppose a patent application?
 
5. When does patent protection start and how long does it last?
 
6. On what grounds can a patent infringement action be made?
 
7. Which courts deal with patent infringement actions?
 
8. What are the defences to patent infringement actions?
 
9. What are the remedies for patent infringement actions?
 
10. Is there a fast-track and/or a small-claims procedure for patent infringement actions?
 

Trade marks

11. What are the legal requirements to obtain a trade mark?
 
12. Is it necessary or advisable to register trade marks?
 
13. Which authority registers trade marks? Does its website provide guidance on the application procedure?
 
14. On what grounds can the regulatory authority refuse to register a trade mark?
 
15. On what grounds and when can third parties oppose a trade mark application?
 
16. When does trade mark protection start and how long does it last?
 
17. On what grounds can a trade mark infringement action be made?
 
18. Which courts deal with trade mark infringement actions?
 
19. What are the defences to trade mark infringement actions?
 
20. What are the remedies in trade mark infringement actions?
 
21. Is there a fast-track and/or a small-claims procedure for trade mark infringement actions?
 

Copyright

22. What are the legal requirements to obtain copyright protection?
 
23. Can copyright be registered?
 
24. When does copyright protection start and how long does it last?
 
25. On what grounds can a copyright infringement action be made?
 
26. Which courts deal with copyright infringement actions?
 
27. What are the defences to copyright infringement actions?
 
28. What are the remedies for copyright infringement actions?
 
29. Is there a fast-track and/or a small-claims procedure for copyright infringement actions?
 

Registered designs

30. What are the legal conditions to obtain a registered design right?
 
31. Which authority registers designs?
 
32. On what grounds and when can third parties oppose a registered design application?
 
33. When does registered design protection start and how long does it last?
 
34. On what grounds can a registered design infringement action be made?
 
35. Which courts deal with registered design infringement actions?
 
36. What are the defences to registered design infringement actions?
 
37. What are the remedies for registered design infringement actions?
 
38. Is there a fast-track and/or a small-claims procedure for registered design infringement actions?
 

Unregistered designs

39. What are the legal conditions for unregistered design rights to arise?
 
40. When does unregistered design protection start and how long does it last?
 
41. On what grounds can an unregistered design infringement action be made?
 
42. What are the defences to unregistered design infringement actions?
 
43. What are the remedies in unregistered design infringement actions?
 

Confidential information

44. What are the legal conditions for rights in confidential information to arise?
 
45. On what grounds can an action for unauthorised use of confidential information be made?
 
46. Which courts deal with actions for unauthorised use of confidential information?
 
47. What are the defences to actions for unauthorised use of confidential information?
 
48. What are the remedies in actions for unauthorised use of confidential information?
 
49. Is there a fast-track and/or a small-claims procedure for actions for unauthorised use of confidential information?
 
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