Quid Pro Quo Harassment
One form of harassment that is prohibited by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) (www.practicallaw.com/0-501-7062) and state law equivalents. A Latin phrase meaning "this for that," quid pro quo harassment most commonly involves harassment on the basis of sex.
Plaintiffs claiming quid pro quo harassment must show:
Membership in a protected class (www.practicallaw.com/5-501-5857).
Sexual advances that were unwelcome by the plaintiff.
Harassment that was sexually motivated by the harasser.
The plaintiff's reaction to the advances negatively affected tangible aspects of their employment (such as compensation, promotion or hiring).
The harassment is attributable to the employer because the harasser may have a direct impact on the tangible aspects of plaintiff's employment (this theory of liability is also known as respondeat superior). For more information, see Practice Note, Harassment: Quid Pro Quo Harassment (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-7844).