Multi-State Charts Toolkit
Resources in the form of 50-state survey and at-a-glance charts to help employers quickly grasp how state laws vary on specific labor and employment law issues.
Understanding US labor and employment law requires that employers and their counsel understand not only the key federal laws governing the workplace, but also state nuances across the country. In addition to Practical Law's collection of state law content in its Labor & Employment State Q&A Guides, Practical Law offers several resources that address and summarize state law on a number of discrete labor and employment topics. These resources include Practice Notes:
State E-Verify Employment Eligibility Verification Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/4-521-9303) , listing the states with employment eligibility verification and immigration enforcement laws and summarizing key provisions.
State Right-to-Work Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/4-523-8622) , listing the states with right-to-work laws ( www.practicallaw.com/7-508-5019) , which limit an employer and union ( www.practicallaw.com/2-502-9592) 's ability to negotiate for union security clauses in collective bargaining agreements ( www.practicallaw.com/4-504-1300) that require union membership or union dues or fees payments as a condition of maintaining employment and identifying prohibitions against union shops ( www.practicallaw.com/3-508-5479) and agency shops ( www.practicallaw.com/1-508-5480) .
Employee Access to Personnel Files State Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/0-522-4698) , listing the states with laws permitting employee access to personnel files maintained by private employers and outlining state law on:
rights of access for former employees;
time employers have to respond to employee requests;
limits on employee access; and
penalties for employer violations.
State Guns-at-Work Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/9-521-5091) , listing the states with guns-at-work laws, sometimes known as parking lot laws, which generally limit an employer's ability to prohibit employees from bringing concealed firearms to work. This resource also identifies certain key provisions typically found in state guns-at-work laws.
State Medical and Recreational Marijuana Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/7-523-7150) , outlining state law on medical and recreational marijuana use.
the states with their own occupational safety and health plans approved by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration ( www.practicallaw.com/1-501-7797) ;
whether the state has adopted state-specific standards; and
each state's workplace safety and health poster.
State Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and Expression Discrimination Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/2-537-5506) , listing the states with laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression.
State Voting Leave Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/2-522-2146) , listing the states with voting leave laws and summarizing key provisions of those laws.
Paid Sick Leave State and Local Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/4-597-3867) , listing the state and municipalities that have passed laws requiring employers to provide paid sick leave to their workers and summarizing the key provisions of those laws.
Employer Access to Social Media Accounts State Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/2-521-6621) , describing state legislation prohibiting private employers from asking employees and job applicants to provide access to their social media accounts and reveal usernames and passwords.
State Law At-Will Employment and Exceptions Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/0-538-5945) , describing state law with respect to at-will employment, including key cases and exceptions to the general rule, such as:
implied contracts (for example through handbooks with or without handbook disclaimers or through oral contracts);
covenants of good faith and fair dealing; and
State Minimum Wage Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/0-593-5405) , identifies minimum wage in each state, including scheduled increases.
State Tip Pooling and Tip Credits Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/0-567-1065) , providing a 50-state overview of state wage and hour laws for tipped employees, including:
whether employers may establish mandatory tip pooling agreements;
which employees are considered "tipped employees"; and
whether employers may deduct a tip credit to satisfy their minimum wage obligations.
Commissions Owed on Termination State Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/9-525-7302) , outlines whether commissions are considered "wages" under state wage payment law and at what point commissions are considered "earned."
State Direct Deposit and Payroll Card Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/0-559-0465) , providing a 50-state overview of state wage and hour laws governing wage payment by direct deposit and payroll cards in private employment.
Assignment of Employee Inventions State Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/4-582-6485) , providing an at-a-glance comparison of state laws addressing assignment of employee inventions agreements, including state statutory limitations on these assignments, as well as any notice requirements.
Vacation Pay State Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/1-584-6885) , providing a 50-state overview of state laws addressing vacation pay issues, including the permissibility of use-it-or-lose-it policies and the requirement of accrued vacation on termination of employment.
State PEO Laws Chart: Overview ( www.practicallaw.com/4-616-7435) , a 50-state overview of state laws regarding professional employer organizations (PEOs), including a summary of key provisions, such as licensing, contract, and notice requirements.