Hostile Work Environment

One form of harassment that is prohibited by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) ( and state law equivalents. Hostile work environment claims arise when an employee alleges that the workplace is characterized by harassment that is:

  • Unwelcome.

  • Because of protected class ( status.

  • Attributable to the employer.

  • Severe or pervasive enough to change the conditions of employment and create an abusive environment, judged by both:

    • an objective standard (that is, any reasonable person would find the conduct abusive); and

    • a subjective standard (that is, the employee in question found the conduct abusive).

For more information, see Practice Notes:

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