Consists of 27 Judges, one from each member state, who are assisted by eight Advocates-General. The ECJ has a President who is elected by the Judges for a term of three years.
The ECJ sits in chambers, in a Grand Chamber or as a full Court, in accordance with the rules laid down in the Statute of the Court of Justice of the EU.
Its jurisdiction has been limited over time by the increase in jurisdiction of the General Court and the establishment of the Civil Service Tribunal. However, its main jurisdiction relates to:
References for preliminary rulings from national courts (cases brought under Article 267 TFEU). For more information, see Practice note, Seeking a reference to the ECJ (www.practicallaw.com/6-385-3324).
Infringement proceedings (brought under Articles 258 to 260 TFEU).
Appeals from the General Court.
For more information, see PLC EU, EU Toolkit: EU institutions (www.practicallaw.com/4-501-8903)