Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

A federal law that prohibits employment discrimination, harassment, and retaliation against qualified individuals on the basis of disability ( www.practicallaw.com/5-501-9332) (42 U.S.C. §§ 12101 to 12213). The ADA was amended by the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 ( www.practicallaw.com/3-503-0547)   and specifically prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in:

  • Application procedures.

  • Hiring.

  • Termination of employment.

  • Compensation.

  • Job training.

The ADA is also the primary federal law governing:

  • Reasonable accommodations of disabilities in the workplace.

  • Pre-employment examinations.

The ADA is enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ( www.practicallaw.com/4-501-5853) (EEOC). In general, the ADA applies to private employers with 15 or more employees.

For more information see Practice Notes, Disability Discrimination Under the ADA ( www.practicallaw.com/4-508-1008) and Disability Accommodation Under the ADA ( www.practicallaw.com/9-503-9007) .

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