Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

A federal law that prohibits employment discrimination and harassment of qualified individuals on the basis of disability (www.practicallaw.com/5-501-9332) (42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12213). For more information about discrimination and harassment, see Practice Notes, Discrimination: Overview (www.practicallaw.com/3-503-3975) and Harassment (www.practicallaw.com/9-502-7844). The ADA was amended by the ADA Amendments of 2008 (www.practicallaw.com/3-503-0547) and specifically prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in:

  • Application procedures.

  • Hiring.

  • Termination of employment.

  • Compensation.

  • Job training.

The ADA prohibits retaliation (www.practicallaw.com/6-503-9612) (for more information, see Practice Note, Retaliation (www.practicallaw.com/5-501-1430)). The ADA is also the primary federal law governing:

The ADA is enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (www.practicallaw.com/4-501-5853) (EEOC). In general, the ADA applies to private employers with 15 or more employees. For more information on employer coverage under the ADA, see Practice Note, Discrimination: Overview: Coverage of Employers Under the ADA (www.practicallaw.com/3-503-3975).

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