Verified Complaint

A complaint where the plaintiff (or, in limited cases, the plaintiff's counsel) swears to the allegations, demonstrating to a court that the plaintiff has investigated the charges against the defendant and found them to be of substance. In many jurisdictions, a complaint does not need to be verified unless a rule or statute specifically states otherwise.

Typically a plaintiff verifies a complaint by attaching a page at the end containing a statement made under oath that:

  • The plaintiff has reviewed the complaint.

  • Regarding the allegations of which the plaintiff has personal knowledge, the plaintiff knows or believes them to be true.

  • Regarding the allegations of which the plaintiff does not have personal knowledge, the plaintiff believes them to be true based on specified information, documents, or both.

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