EMIR (the Regulation on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories) (Regulation 648/2012) requires certain classes of over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives contracts to be cleared through a central counterparty (CCP). The requirement will have a significant impact on a large number of counterparties that engage in derivatives trading, including both regulated and unregulated entities. This note considers the scope and implications of the EMIR clearing requirements. For an overview of EMIR and timing of its implementation see Practice note, Hot topics: EMIR.
An overview of the changes to the UK financial services regulatory structure made by the Financial Services Act 2012. On 1 April 2013, the FSA was abolished and the majority of its functions transferred to two new regulators: the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA). On the same date, the Bank of England (BoE) took over the FSA's responsibilities for financial market infrastructures and the Financial Policy Committee (FPC) was established on a statutory basis. For an index of Practical Law's resources on the regulatory structure introduced by the Financial Services Act 2012, see Practice note, April 2013 UK financial services regulatory structure reforms: index of Practical Law materials.